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What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

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Avoid Periodontal Progression to Save Your Teeth

Periodontal Disease is the leading cause of tooth loss. When one’s personal oral hygiene efforts fail and proper address is not given in the early stages, teeth will become mobile and will eventually be lost.

The periodontium is the collective term that refers to the structures that are found around the tooth, which supports the teeth in place. Plaque is the main enemy of the periodontal structures. It is a sticky film formed from the combination of saliva, bacteria and food — and when left alone, it accumulates in the mouth and hardens to tartar or calculus.

When plaque and tartar is allowed to collect in the mouth, the health of the tissues are compromised and they are destroyed. The early stages of periodontal disease is characterized by bleeding, reddening, swelling, painful and purulent gingiva. If this condition is allowed to progress, soft tissue will recede, significant bone will be lost and tooth stability will be compromised.

How do you know if you have Periodontal Disease?

Ask yourself these questions:

1. Do you have bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums are an indication of early periodontal disease. Your gums are not supposed to bleed. Your gums should remain firm and intact even when you brush and floss vigorously.

2. Do you have swollen gums?

Periodontal disease is an oral infection. When the gums are irritated by disease-causing plaque, it appears reddish and swollen, and may also bleed and form pus.

3. Do you feel tenderness and discomfort around particular areas of your gums?

The accumulated plaque and calculus irritates the gum tissues so they become very sensitive.

 4. Do you have loose teeth?

When bone and soft tissue support is lost, the stability of the tooth is compromised, so they will become loose.

5. Do you have persistent bad breath?

The constant bleeding and the formation of pus will give your mouth a very foul odor.

 6. Do you have spaces in between teeth?

This may be related to bone loss as well as tooth mobility.

 7. Do you have receded gums?

Plaque and tartar accumulation disrupts the healthy connection of the teeth to the gum tissue, so the firm attachment is lost and they become flabby until they recede to expose bone and roots.


If you answered “Yes” to any of these questions, consultSaratoga’s trusted dentist, Dr. Prasad to get proper treatment and prevent more damage to your teeth, gums, and to your overall health.

Call Argonaut Dental at (408) 867-1800.

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